Woodworking : Ways to determine whether you’ll need a Jointer or Planer

A lot of people often confuse between the function of a jointer and a planer although both of them are widely different and have their own distinct functions. They can be used on the same wood board but they cannot be used to function as each other which tends to confuse a lot of people. So, which tool should you use on your wood board? Don’t worry, we have figured out the top 7 ways in which you can determine whether your job requires a jointer or a planer.

Determining the wood finish style

There are different types of wood finish styles: rough lumber, S2S, and S4S depending on the wood side which has been finished or primed. If two sides of the wood are finished and smoothened, then it is an S2S styled wood and if all the 4 sides are primed, then it is an S4S styled wood. For an S2S styled wood, you would need the help of a jointer to smooth the edges or fix the pieces together.

Checking the wood’s surface

One of the most important things to check before you start working on your woodwork project is to check for the uneven edges and bumpy board surfaces, these can be fixed with the help of a jointer quite efficiently.

Flatness of the wood

A lot of times the wood become bent or curved a little bit due to improper storage or humidity, so you would need to flatten the wood to be able to use it properly. Although you might think a best hand wood planer will work better but it would just follow your wood along its path, a jointer will be more useful in such situations.

Required measurements for the wood

Another thing to be determined would be the measurements and the design of your wood structure. A lot of woodwork projects require their wood to be of different sizes which will need the help of a jointer to get all the pieces fixed together. If you want your wood to be of an appropriate thickness, then you would need a planer to achieve that.

Need for parallel surfaces or not?

Another thing to consider would be if your woodwork requires its parts to be in a parallel direction or not. If you are making a wooden table or door, then you would need parallel surfaces to keep the balance and a planer would be a good choice for that.

Surface imperfections

If your wood has a lot of grain and imperfections, then it would be needed to smoothen out first to make a beautiful piece of the woodwork for which planer is the best choice. A planer can help you in fixing up your wood board and make it more beautiful for usage.

Twisted wood

Another way to decide whether your woodwork job needs a jointer or a planer is by checking for a twist in your wood. Wood twisting happens when the edges of two wood don’t lay down in a flat line. This can be fixed with the help of a jointer and the ease of fix depends on how twisted the wood is.